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Liberal Education Umn 885

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oaDOI, short for open access DOI, is a service that determines whether a DOI is available gratis somewhere online ( Piwowar, 2016). oaDOI does not index articles posted to academic social networks or available from illicit repositories such as Sci-Hub ( Piwowar et al., 2018). Using the oaDOI infrastructure, the State of OA study investigated the availability of articles from three collections ( Piwowar et al., 2018). Each collection consists of a random sample of approximately 100,000 articles from a larger corpus. We describe the collections below and report the number of articles after intersection with our DOI catalog: Facebook An Ember in the Ashesby Sabaa Tahir (quad/ Economic principles • Literary conceit “Sci-Hub started as an automation for what I was already doing manually,” Elbakyan says. It grew organically from her desire to let people download papers “at the click of a button.” Users loved it. Sci-Hub’s use proliferated across the forum immediately — though it took longer for it to outgrow the forum. Political theory provided new growth to her evolving Open Access philosophy. Communism, a model of government-less society in which resources and opportunity are metered out with equality and impartiality, has never been successfully implemented. Nevertheless, it was a particularly seductive concept to Elbakyan. The collective ideals of communism entwined for her with the ideals of the scientific method. After all, science depends on shared data. History’s greatest scientific discoveries have all been made and shared, as scientists often say, from atop the shoulders of giants: their scientific predecessors who shared their research. To Elbakyan, science thrives only when scientists shout their discoveries to everyone. 2) To calculate coverage, DOIs from Crossref and Sci-Hub for over 56M records are compared. Please give details of the algorithm used to compare the DOIs. Around the World in Eighty Days • April 2011

Concepts The legal campaigns against Sci-Hub have made the site more well-known than most repositories, and Elbakyan more famous than legal Open Access champions Commercial • Public domain • Outreach • - funny • Veterans Burial and Survivor Benefits • ^ Norton, Ingrid. "Of Form, E-Readers, and Thwarted Genius: End of a Year with Short Novels". Open Letters Monthly. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014 . Retrieved 15 February 2014. The 48:1 and 20:1 estimates from Gardner et al. assess Sci-Hub's usage at the start of 2016. These numbers are, of course, small. However, awareness of Sci-Hub was also low at that time. For example, a survey conducted in the first half of 2016, found that only 19% of Latin American medical students were aware of Sci-Hub. An online survey by Science in May 2016 found 59% of 10,874 respondents had used Sci-Hub, although it noted "the survey sample is likely biased heavily toward fans of the site". Incidentally, the 62% of respondents thought "Sci-Hub will disrupt the traditional science publishing industry".

• • Mongeon P, Paul-Hus A. The journal coverage of Web of Science and Scopus: a comparative analysis. Scientometrics. 2015 doi: 10.1007/s11192-015-1765-5. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] • Technical report • sci-hub .st Oliver Twist • RSS feeds • In Progress Shelf Citationsy's team removed the offending link. But they questioned whether the link was really illegal. They noted that there are plenty of links to Sci-Hub online, including on websites such as Wikipedia. • Journal of Psychiatry and Mental Health ( ISSN 2474-7769 ) • ^ a b c Schiermeier, Quirin (2017). "US court grants Elsevier millions in damages from Sci-Hub". Nature. doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.22196. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017 . Retrieved 23 June 2017. Mice & Keyboards • January 2012 • Open Access • The claim, by “Frank”, was that the “majority” – i.e., more than 50% – of downloads were just from Western academics who were motivated by anti-publisher sentiment. I would like to see an acknowledgement from him that this was an incorrect claim. • ^ "Academic publishers have become the enemies of science". The Guardian. 16 January 2012. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 26 March 2017. • • Ebooks •

The project is supported by user donations. Imagine the world with free access to knowledge for everyone ‐ a world without any paywalls. Donate for this vision to become true. Make your contribution to the battle against copyright laws and information inequality. Even the smallest donation counts. N • Open-design movement • Giving to Curtin • ^ Greshake, Bastian (21 April 2017). "Looking into Pandora's Box: The Content ofSci-Hub and its Usage". F1000Research. 6: 541. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.11366.1. ISSN 2046-1402. PMC 5428489. PMID 28529712. Report as hatred and bullying? • Mortgages Elbakyan contends that Dynasty is somehow Sci-Hub’s capitalistic foil • National Park Service • ^ Heathers, James (2 May 2016). "Why Sci-Hub Will Win". James Heathers via Medium. Archived from the original on 29 April 2018 . Retrieved 28 April 2018. What's the operative word in Open Access? "Open." In our efforts to make scientific knowledge more easily accessible to everyone, we have created an enterprise that listens to you and hears your needs. Suggestions for improvements to our services and offerings are always encouraged, and all feedback we receive is promptly considered and addressed. We are just as open to critique as we expect our authors to be. Click here to tell us what you'd like us to know. • Sports • December 2008 Sci-Hub provided press, academics, activists, and even publishers with an excuse to talk about who owns academic research online. But that conversation — at least in English — took place largely without Elbakyan, the person who started Sci-Hub in the first place. Headlines reduced her to a female Aaron Swartz, ignoring the significant differences between the two. Now, even though Elbakyan stands at the center of an argument about how copyright is enforced on the internet, most people have no idea who she is. • August 2019 • 1.1.2 Sweden • Murphy K. Should All Research Papers Be Free? [February 7, 2018]; New York Times. 2016 189,142 • v • ^ Fritzsche, A (2017). "Corporate Foresight in Open Laboratories - A Translational Approach". Technology Analysis & Strategic Management. 30 (6): 646–657. doi: 10.1080/09537325.2017.1380180. • Elsevier’s lawsuit was a civil case, for which extraditing someone to the US from abroad to be tried is generally against the law. Still, Elbakyan worried about being extradited. “I do know about stories where hackers that left Russia or Ukraine for Europe or the United States were unexpectedly arrested.” Although, the main reference she cites is the arrest of Dmitry Zubaka, who had criminal charges against him for a cyberattack against Amazon. Nonetheless, since her last visit in 2010 to speak at Harvard, she’s had no intention of returning to the US. • Summarise what the experiment has contributed to your understanding of the problem. Posted in Academia, Endocrinology, Literature search, Medicine, Research, Research tools, Thesis, Writing and tagged guerilla open access, open access, ScienceWriting, Scientific articles, scihub, Writing on January 2, 2019 by Karthik Balachandran. Robert Louis Stevenson Citationsy Archives Featuring political intrigue, unique magical elements, and more drama than Game of Thrones, this series' first and only novel so far, Jade City, will blow you away. Lee was inspired by a childhood full of kung-fu movies, and that inspiration shows in the novel's intricately built world and gripping characters. It follows the story of the Kaul family, a dynasty of jade warriors tasked with protecting their city, Janloon. But rival political parties are mounting a defense — will the Kauls be ready in time? • ^ Mance, Henry (26 May 2015). "Publishers win landmark case against ebook pirates". Financial Times. The Nikkei. ISSN 0307-1766. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015 . Retrieved 5 October 2015. (subscription required) Shihub was launched by the researcher Alexandra Elbakyan in 2011 with the goal of providing free access to research to everyone, not only those who have the money to pay for journals. Many in the scientific community praise hub-sci / sciencehub for furthering the knowledge of humankind and helping academics from all over the world. shi hub has been sued many times by publishers like Elsevier but it is still accessible, for example by using a sci hub proxy. • Research paper let imageUrl = `${window.SENTINEL_HUB_INSTANCE_ID} • • A Farley Our mission is to remove any barrier which impeding the widest possible distribution of knowledge in human society! • Download • Alternative compensation system Middlemarch • Peter Suber Lists Some college • • Transmission At this time the widest possible distribution of research papers, as well as of other scientific or educational sources, is artificially restricted by copyright laws. Such laws effectively slow down the development of science in human society. The Sci-Hub project, running from 5th September 2011, is challenging the status quo. At the moment, Sci-Hub provides access to hundreds of thousands research papers every day, effectively bypassing any paywalls and restrictions. [5] Main article: Pre-kindergarten • ^ " "Excerpta Medica", official webpage". Elsevier. • ^ Lewis, Danny (22 August 2016). "Soon Everyone Will Be Able to Read NASA-Funded Research". Archived from the original on 25 August 2016 . Retrieved 23 August 2016. Many researchers from different parts of the world facing a huge difficulty in downloading peer-reviewed journal articles and books. one of the main reason is that the cost of the journal subscription and lack of funding. when open access journals fail to give enough resources, researchers turning into the Scihub kind of sites to download peer-reviewed paid articles. Contain the exact phase dnn is awesome combined with another title. "The new domain will be hard for a US-based lawsuit, like Elsevier’s from last year, to shut down," Quartz explains. "The US only has jurisdiction over registrars based in the US, such as .com, .net, and .org." • Commons category link is on Wikidata • - Futurology • Open gaming var ndvi = (B08-B04)/(B08+B04); • 1000 Piece Jigsaws Charles Dickens • CB. User studies. (3) • Bastian Greshake Tzovaras , Next • 4 See also • Suber P. MIT Press; 2017. [ Google Scholar] According to Elbakyan, communism and science share a common mission, which she refers to as “scientific communism.” It’s a concept she came to borrow from the 20th century American sociologist Robert Merton, who founded the sociology of science, a study of science as a social practice. (Merton coined influential terms such as “self-fulfilling prophecy,” “role model,” and “unintended consequences.”) Most influential to Elbakyan were Merton’s “ norms,” which were what he considered to be the defining characteristics of science: universalism, disinterestedness, organized skepticism, and, of course, communism. (Throughout our interview, she’s still quick to rattle off quotes from Merton, declaring, “The communism of the scientific ethos is incompatible with the definition of technology as ‘private property’ in a capitalistic economy.”) KS3, KS4 & GCSE Secondary Education On Sci-Hub, you enter the URL, PMID, DOI, or a search string to find a paper. The PMID and DOI are standard identifiers for papers used in the research community. The URL is the Internet location at which the (paywalled) paper can be found. It is fairly easy to find this information for a paper. • Stereo Chemistry Design Magazines • Partnerships Publishers have been very critical of Sci-Hub, going so far as to claim that it is undermining more widely accepted open-access initiatives, [63] and that it ignores how publishers "work hard" to make access for third-world nations easier. [63] It has also been criticized by librarians for compromising universities' network security and jeopardizing legitimate access to papers by university staff. [38] [48] [11] [39] • Instructions for Authors • Openmod Initiative See also [ edit ] • 177,260 • American Journal of Food and Nutrition • ^ a b c Ruff, Corinne (18 February 2016). "Librarians Find Themselves Caught Between Journal Pirates and Publishers". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018 . Retrieved 28 October 2018. . To support researchers during this challenging time in which many are unable to get to physical libraries, we have expanded our free read-online access to 100 articles per month through December 31, 2020. As advances and specialization have made new scientific research inaccessible to most audiences, the "literary" nature of science writing has become less pronounced over the last two centuries. Now, science appears mostly in journals. Scientific works of Aristotle, Copernicus, and Newton still exhibit great value, but since the science in them has largely become outdated, they no longer serve for scientific instruction. Yet, they remain too technical to sit well in most programs of literary study. Outside of " history of science" programs, students rarely read such works. [ citation needed] Philosophy [ edit ] If you Google "Piratebay", the first search result is a fake "" (with a dash) but the Wikipedia article lists the right one. Mr. Tran, I think it was implicit in my comment that “right-thinking people” would be concerned that their use and endorsement of Sci-Hub was contributing to the ills described in the blog post, not necessarily that they personnally run any risk. What academic would knowingly expose their own institution and library to this? Taken together, universities’ subscriptions to academic journals often cost $500,000 to $2 million. Even Harvard said in 2012 that it couldn’t afford journals’ rising fees, citing, in particular, two publishers that had inflated their rates by 145 percent within six years. Germany’s University of Konstanz dropped its subscription to Elsevier’s journals in 2014, saying its prices had increased by 30 percent in five years. • (global) Neumann suspects that Russia is directly or indirectly “manipulating or playing and provoking with the ‘freedom of info’ theme.” When it comes to espionage, end goals are not always obvious. But an outlet that pokes a stick in the eye of the western scientific establishment while at the same time doing economic damage in the name of “open access” can be a useful tool for an adversarial intelligence service. If nothing else, it’s a way to foment social division between those who see Elbakyan as a criminal, and those who see her as a hero. • Ⓖ Alexandra Elbakyan is named one of “ Nature’s 10”, which featured “ten people who mattered” in 2016 [ 30]. Written by Richard Van Noorden, the story profiles Alexandra and includes an estimate that Sci-Hub serves “3% of all downloads from science publishers worldwide.” • Unlimited access to on any device That Universities refuse to pay their staff full-time wages is not the fault of the publishing industry. Jan 31, 2018 • Organizational Management • Lenovo • 7.1 Lobbying efforts against open access novembre • The tech pro's guide to video conferencing (TechRepublic download) • - blog • isoHunt In the context of the big deal cancellations by several library systems in the world, in 2019 the wide usage of Sci-Hub was credited as one of the factors which reduced the apparent value of the subscriptions to toll access resources. [53] Reception [ edit ] B Several LibGen domains go down when their registration expires, allegedly due to a longtime site administrator passing away from cancer. Sci-Hub and Elbakyan were sued twice for copyright infringement in the United States in 2015 and 2017, and lost both cases, leading to loss of some of its Internet domain names. [6] The site has cycled through different domain names [a] since then. [2] • Small Business Taxes Be clear: No-one beats anyone. No one starves anyone. Read ‘The Underground Railway’ as a starter and come back then to say there is slave labour scholarly communications. • As per 2020 study, over 27.8 million download requests via Sci-Hub indicates that 23.2 million of these were for journal articles. Also, 4.7 million (22%) of which were articles from medical journals. "label":"Water" (7) A straight comparison of 56M DOI's with another similarly large number of DOIs would require at least 2.5 X 10 14 comparisons. Was it done this way? If so, how long did it take? Was another clustering method used? • Lab notes • • 1 Department of Systems Pharmacology and Translational Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States. Note that all other outputs need to be 4-channel ones as well. • Commercial use of copyleft works We managed our computational environment using Conda, allowing us to specify and install dependencies for both Python and R. We performed our analyses using a series of Jupyter notebooks. In general, data integration and manipulation were performed in Python 3, relying heavily on Pandas, while plotting was performed with ggplot2 in R. Tabular data were saved in TSV (tab-separated values) format, and large datasets were compressed using XZ. We used Git Large File Storage (Git LFS) to track large files, enabling us to make nearly all of the datasets generated and consumed by the analyses available to the public. The Sci-Hub Stats Browser is a single-page application built using React and hosted via GitHub Pages. Frontend visualizations use Vega-Lite ( Satyanarayan et al., 2017). Certain datasets for the browser are hosted in the greenelab/scihub-browser-data repository. • ^ Henderson, Emma (15 February 2016). "Pirate website offering millions of academic papers for free refuses to close despite lawsuit". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Archived from the original on 17 February 2016 . Retrieved 15 February 2016. > I am of the opinion knowledge should be free and easily accessible. Secondary school consists of two programs: the first is “middle school” or “junior high school” and the second program is “high school.” A diploma or certificate is awarded upon graduation from high school. After graduating high school (12th grade), U.S. students may go on to college or university. College or university study is known as “higher education.” Grading System • American Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences • Voter Registration • • About Wikipedia Bitcoin donations to Sci-Hub per month. Der Klassiker: Elbakyan created several more backup copies of Sci-Hub’s database. She rewrote Sci-Hub’s code, starting from square one, so that the service could download papers automatically. Now, once users pointed Sci-Hub toward an article, the site would check every university proxy server until it found one through which it could download the paper, and would download it automatically. They didn’t have to manually browse the publisher’s website through Sci-Hub to find the articles anymore. In this course, we discuss the following topics: 2) To calculate coverage, DOIs from Crossref and Sci-Hub for over 56M records are compared. Please give details of the algorithm used to compare the DOIs. • Terms of Service • ^ a b Pitts, Andrew (18 September 2018). "Guest Post: Think Sci-Hub is Just Downloading PDFs? Think Again - The Scholarly Kitchen". The Scholarly Kitchen. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018 . Retrieved 28 October 2018. • Facebook "There are divergent legal views in different jurisdictions as to what constitutes infringement," he said. 16 April 2011 ; 9 years ago ( 2011-04-16) [1] Lists • Kad • • If you are using the data within any other AWS region using S3 protocol, there will be a small data transfer charge incurred to your account - " Data transfer OUT from Amazon EC2 To Another AWS region", currently at 0.02 USD per GB. You can avoid this by setting up part (or all) of your processing to AWS EU (Frankfurt) region. Sci-Hub’s coverage is shown separately for articles in open versus toll access journals, for each year since 1950. • Background of study Results Solomon Gills • AQA Anthology: Love and ... 99.8% In the context of the big deal cancellations by several library systems in the world, in 2019 the wide usage of Sci-Hub was credited as one of the factors which reduced the apparent value of the subscriptions to toll access resources. [53] Reception [ edit ] Contents • Energy • 🌍 World • Subscriptions In 1989, Salman Rushdie published a novel that, he said, criticized “a powerful tribe of clerics” who had “taken over Islam” — the religion of his upbringing. “These are the contemporary Thought Police,” Rushdie wrote even before a fatwa was declared by Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini, who was irritated at having his past exile satirized — portrayed in the book as an exiled imam aspiring to power. Khomeini condemned the book as a tool of the “world devourers” with the “entire Zionism and arrogance behind it”— a “calculated” plot on behalf of “colonialism.” Rushdie went into hiding, and those associated with the publication suffered murders, stabbings, shootings, arson, and bombs. This was, according to Khomeini, “so that no one will dare to insult the Islamic sanctity.” If i-Rok goes after Wade Watts/Parzival ( Tye Sheridan) and Samantha Evelyn Cook/At3mis ( Olivia Cooke) in the virtual reality world of the OASIS, he’ll do so as an avatar inspired by Boba Fett: Sign up here (it’s free!) • Artificial scarcity This figure compares datasets of article coverage corresponding to various access methods. These article sets refer to manually evaluated access via the publisher’s site from outside of an institutional network (labeled None) or from inside Penn’s network (labeled Penn); access according to Penn’s library system (labeled PennText); access via the oaDOI utility (labeled oaDOI); and inclusion in Sci-Hub’s database (labeled Sci-Hub). Each diagram shows the coverage of three access methods and their possible combinations. Within a diagram, each section notes the percent coverage achieved by the corresponding combination of access methods. Contrary to traditional Venn diagrams, each section does not indicate disjoint sets of articles. Instead, each section shows coverage on the same set of articles, whose total number is reported in the diagram’s title. The top two diagrams show coverage on a small set of manually evaluated articles (confidence intervals provided in the main text). The bottom two diagrams show coverage on a larger set of automatically evaluated articles. The two lefthand diagrams show coverage on all articles, whereas the two righthand diagrams show coverage on toll access articles only. Specifically, the top-right diagram assesses coverage on articles that were inaccessible from outside of an institutional network. Similarly, the bottom-right diagram assesses coverage of articles that were classified as closed or green by oaDOI, and thus excludes gold, hybrid, and bronze articles (those available gratis from their publisher). • • Finding materials May • Literary Art As a result you will get a list of all available scenes for the chosen location in JSON format (or XML if set so). Some of the dates may be duplicated if there are two scenes available in the area. You should simply ignore these duplications. • - listentothis Unpaywall is a web-browser extension that notifies its user if an article is available via oaDOI ( Singh Chawla, 2017d). Since the Unpaywall collection is based on articles that users visited, it’s a better reflection of the actual access needs of contemporary scholars. Unfortunately, since the number of visits per article is not preserved by this dataset, fulfillment rate estimates are biased against highly-visited articles and become scale-variant (affected by the popularity of Unpaywall). • Select maximum Cloud coverage percentage. When Elbakyan found herself facing paywall after paywall, she began to wonder why she shouldn’t just jump them • August 2010 • Chinese • December 2014 • October 2019